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Difference Between Farsi and Persian

Farsi vs Persian

The Islamic Republic of Iran is a Central Eurasian country and is one of the world’s oldest civilizations. It was formed in 2800 BC and was known to be inhabited by man since 400,000 years ago. Before 1935, it was known as Persia from the Persian Empire which ruled Iran between 550-330 BCE.
It was the world’s largest and greatest empire controlling Egypt, Libya, parts of Asia Minor, and Central Asia, Macedonia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Jordan, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Syria, and much of the coastal regions of the Black Sea.
The language of the country is Persian which dates back to the 6th century, and it has three distinct periods:

Old Persian which has an inflected grammar which is subject to case, number, and gender.
Middle Persian with different written and oral forms.
New Persian which was marked by the Islamic conquest of Persia. During this time, it was the official language of several Islamic dynasties and produced world-class literary works.

It was used as a second language in South Asia until English and other languages reached the area, but it has already left its mark and influence in the languages of the region. Dari or Afghan Persian is used in Afghanistan. Tajiki or Tajik Persian is used in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Russia.
In Iran, the Persian language is also known as Farsi. It is the native name of the language while Persian is the name by which it is known to the English-speaking world. Farsi is used by Iranians to show the distinction of their language from other forms of Persian.
The term came from the native term for Middle Persian which is “Parsik” or “Parsig,” the Old Persian which is “Parsa,” and the New Persian which is “Fars.” “Farsi” is used to refer to the New Persian which is the one being used today.
The term “Persian” encompasses all aspects of the Iranian or Persian culture. It is used to refer to distinct Iranian food, literature, history, and language. In fact, the Persian Academy has passed a resolution designating Persian as the official name of the language. This is because “Persian,” as opposed to “Farsi,” has already been widely used in publications and documents that pertain to the language of Iran and, therefore, has an historical and cultural importance.
Summary:

1.“Persian” is the term by which the Iranian language is known to the English-speaking world while “Farsi” is the term by which it is referred to by its native speakers.
2.Persian is also used to refer to the Iranian culture, literature, history, and way of life while Farsi is not.
3.“Persian” is a term known to most of the world for several centuries now while “Farsi” is a term which is known to the English-speaking world only recently.
4.“Farsi” comes from the native terms for the different variations of the Persian language while “Persian” comes from the term which was the old name of the country of Iran.


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1 Comment

  1. such a interesting site! thank you.
    i surprised to see the lists
    difference between persian and farsi,
    kurds and persian,
    arabs and kurds,
    arabs and persian,
    such and such
    great work helpful to me.
    because i am from faraway land Korea.
    such distinction has almost no meaning in my country,
    but i always wonder
    what’s going on there
    and had no way to discover
    🙂 i’m starting to know
    this knowledge gave me the door i think

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