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Difference Between Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome

Ancient Greece vs Ancient Rome

When comparing ancient Greece and ancient Rome, one can see that there are many difference including geography, governance, position of women, economy and art.

Though these countries are Mediterranean countries, they differ in their terrain. The cities in Ancient Greece were separated by hilly countryside. All the cities were near to water bodies. Rome was an inland country and situated on the banks of River Tiber.

Now talking of art and culture of Greece and Rome, Greek art was considered to be superior to that of Roman Art. One of the sculptors that Greece is widely associated with is Venus de Milo. Romans were good at mosaic or wall painting. The Romans were known for producing realistic portraits.

In terms of economy, the basis of both ancient Greece and ancient Rome was agriculture. Greeks lived on small wheat producing farms but had poor days because of improper agriculture practises.  Romans had turned towards estates, producing olive oil and wine.

There was also a big difference in the division of social classes of both ancient Greece and ancient Rome. In Greece, the society was divided into slaves, freedmen, metics, citizens and women. Rome had slaves, freedmen, plebeians and patricians.
When women were not considered to be citizens in ancient Greece, they were citizens in ancient Rome. There was also division as per the wealth in both the societies.

The family head in the  Roman household was the Paterfamilias. This means that even if a son has his own family, his father will be the head of the entire family. But in Greece, the sons were considered to be the legal heir to their fathers.

Summary

  1. The cities in Ancient Greece were separated by hilly countryside. All the cities were near to water bodies. Rome was an inland country and situated on the banks of River Tiber.
  2. Greek art was considered to be superior to that of Roman Art.
  3. Greeks lived on small wheat producing farms but had poor days because of improper agriculture practises.  Romans had turned towards estates, producing olive oil and wine.
  4. In Greece, the society was divided into slaves, freedmen, metics, citizens and women. Rome had slaves, freedmen, plebeians and patricians.
  5. When women were not considered to be citizens in ancient Greece, they were citizens in ancient Rome.
  6. The family head in the Roman household was the Paterfamilias. But in Greece, the sons were considered to be the legal heir to their fathers.

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