XYLITOL vs ERYTHRITOL
Xylitol and Erythritol are alcohol sugars. They are used as natural sweeteners for patients who are maintaining their blood glucose levels and for those who just want to use artificial sweeteners. They are commercially sold in the markets and found under different brand names.
Xylitol is made from U.S.-grown, hardwood trees. It ranks seven on the glycemic scale. It has 75 per cent less carbohydrate content than sugars with 2.4 calories per gram. It has a ratio of 1:1 in place of sugar. It is as sweet as sugar, but with excessive use can cause a mild laxative effect. It is Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved as a food additive. It is guaranteed safe for diabetic patients and is known to be absorbed in the large intestines. The danger of mixing Xylitol with other sugars is of no concern since it can be mixed freely with no interactions.
Erythritol, on the other hand, is a sugar alcohol made from sugar with a fermenting agent added. It is naturally found in fruits such as cantaloupe as well as in grapes. It is also a natural byproduct of the fermentation of bacteria in our digestive system. It is zero on the glycemic scale. It has 0.2 calories per gram with no, or zero, carbohydrate content. Compared with other sweeteners, it has less key benefits due to its low calorie content, but for those who are weight conscious, it is surely a benefit. Unlike sugar, honey, and maple syrup, Erythritol does not trigger a spike in the blood glucose as well as a response in insulin, which can cause diabetes and weight gain. This is why it is safe for diabetics. It is also tooth friendly since it is not cause tooth decay.
Erythritol is generally recognized as safe like Xylitol. It is also a food additive as approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). A two-thirds cup of Erythritol is equivalent to one cup of sugar. It is absorbed through the small intestines. It can be safely mixed with other sugars since there is no evidence that it can cause adverse effects. It is 70 per cent as sweet as sugar even though it has only 5 per cent of the calories of sugar. It is known as having the highest digestive tolerance of all sugar alcohols. For example, there is no bloating or diarrhea since it is harder for the bacteria to multiply in the conversion to gas. This is why, for the most part, it is readily absorbed into the blood and removed in the form of urine unchanged. It doesn’t attract moisture which prevents clumping and hardening like other sugars do.
Although Erythritol has many benefits, it also has its other sides. One of these is that it is not easily dissolved in cold liquids like iced tea. Erythritol has a negative heat of dissolution. Another factor is that more of it is needed to make the food sweet since it is only 70 per cent as sweet as common sugar. Third is that it does not caramelize so it is not advisable if one is to make caramel or candy. And lastly, when a liquid with Erythritol dries in a glass, it leaves behind fine, white crystals which are not easy to remove.
1.Xylitol and Erythritol are alcohol sugars.
2.Xylitol contains 2.4 calories per gram while Erythritol contains 0.2 calories per gram.
3.Xylitol is 100 per cent as sweet as sugar. Erythritol is 70 per cent as sweet as sugar.
4.Xylitol is made from U.S.-grown, hardwood trees while Erythritol is made from sugar with a fermenting agent added.
5.Xylitol ranks seven on the glycemic scale while Erythritol ranks zero.
6.Both are FDA approved food additives.
7.Both are diabetic friendly.