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Difference Between Cannabidiol and Hemp Oil

What is CBD & Hemp oil?

When thinking about multiple natural oils – hemp oil and CBD oil are the most common. Although these are interchangeably used terms, both the items are different in application and consumption. Some points of difference between CBD and hemp oil have been discussed below.

 

What is CBD (Cannabidiol)?

Cannabidiol oil is extracted from the leaves, stalks and buds of hemp plants. It is quite popular in the medical industry as it is helpful in treatment of inflammatory disorders, anxiety, epilepsy, neurogenerative diseases and seizures without the intoxicating effects of cannabis use. 

It is one of at least 113 cannabinoids registered and recognized in hemp plants, accounting for up to forty percent of the plant’s extract.

 

What is Hemp Oil?

Hemp oil is fabricated from the hemp plant and is extracted from the seeds of the plant. It is used as a cooking ingredient as it is full of nutrients. It offers a nutty and crispy taste to foods and serves as a wonderful replacement for olive oil in raw edibles vegetables (salads).

About forty nine percent of the weight of hempseed is an edible oil. It has the potential to be used as a feedstock for the larger production of biodiesel. 

 

Difference between CBD and Hemp Oil

  1. Definition of CBD Vs. Hemp Oil

CBD

Cannabidiol is a naturally occurring constituent of cannabis. CBD oil has therapeutic attributes which has sparked worldwide interest in it in the recent years. The product is also non-psychoactive (means it doesn’t produce the ‘high’ associated with cannabis use), and that makes it an effective and safe option for people who are ill and are concerned about the altering impacts of other cannabinoids such as THC.

CBD oils offer a range of health benefits like pain relief, anti-seizure properties, cancer fighting attributes, anxiety control and diabetes treatment:

Hemp Oil

Hemp oil is a natural oil extracted from the seeds of hemp plant and contains lot of beneficial ingredients like antioxidants and omega 3 and 6 fatty acids. Hemp oil does not contain the same concentration of cannabinoids present in the medicinal cannabis oils which are derived from the whole plant.

  1. Underlying difference in CBD  and Hemp Oil

CBD 

CBD is used as a medicine

Hemp Oil

Hemp oil is an ingredient used for both cooking and for manufacturing purpose.

  1. Extraction of CBD  Vs. Hemp Oil

CBD

CBD oil is extracted from hemp plants. However, it can be extracted from other cannabis plants as well that contain higher levels of THC.

Hemp Oil

Hemp oil is always extracted from hemp plants but it does not contain Cannabidiol/ Tetrahydrocannabinol (from the seeds) or high Cannabidiol/trace Tetrahydrocannabinol (from the resin glands).

  1. Applications of CBD  and Hemp Oil

CBD

CBD can be used as a medicine for treatment of

  • Blocked arteries
  • Cancer cell growth
  • Psoriasis
  • Stress and anxiety
  • It produces anti-psychotic effects. Because of this, it is used to treat schizophrenia,
  • Nervous system degeneration.
  • High blood sugar
  • Insomnia
  • Bacterial infections
  • Helps to treat arthritis (Both Rheumatoid arthritis and Osteoarthritis OA)
  • Seizures and convulsions
  • Muscle spasms
  • Relieves chronic pain
  • Psychoses
  • Inflammation
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Low appetite

Hemp Oil

  • Hemp oil is used as a food stuff and as an industrial product. As a foodstuff, hemp oil is quite high in Vitamin B1, B2, E, Potassium, Magnesium and Polyunsaturated fats (omega-3 and omega-6)
  • Hemp oil reduces inflammation and fights cancer
  • It addresses the issue of hormonal imbalance 
  • It eases PMS
  • Hemp oil is full of immune-boosting essential fatty acids
  • It offers nutritional supplements to the brain
  • Moisturizes skin
  • Promotes a very healthy immune system
  • Hemp oil prevents degenerative conditions in the heart and other organs of the body
  • Alleviates blood fat levels
  • Gamma linoleic acid, found in hemp oil, helps in fighting psoriasis,

Hemp oil finds its application in several industrial purposes, including use in shampoos, soaps, lotions, plastics, bio-diesel fuel, and paint.

  1. Risk factors in using CBD  and Hemp Oil

CBD 

  1. Consuming more than the prescribed dosage inhibits the function and role of cytochrome P450, an important liver enzyme. 
  2. The other common side effects are tiredness, diarrhoea, and changes in appetite and weight—so it is advisable not to consume more than you need.
  3. Dryness in mouth
  4. Patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease can have harmful impacts if they consumer higher dosage of CBD. Tremors and muscle motions get worsened in patients experiencing Parkinson’s disorder
  5. Low blood pressure
  6. Since it is a pain reliever, it can cause some level of drowsiness if consumed in higher dosage

Hemp Oil

The side effects of hemp oil include:

  • Affect the blood’s potential to clot (rare)
  • Contains elevated amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • Hemp oil causes digestive disorders
  • It can produce harmful peroxides under high heat
  1. CBD content

CBD

CBD oil can be up to fifteen percent CBD

Hemp Oil

Hemp oil contains low amounts of CBD – typically less than twenty parts per million

 

Summary of CBD  Vs.  Hemp Oil

The points of difference between CBD and Hemp Oil have been summarized below:

 

Dr. Amita Fotedar -Dr

Research Consultant: PhD in Environmental Sciences at History of working in Elite Research Institutes like United Nations Development Program
Dr Amita Fotedar is an experienced Research Consultant with a demonstrated history of working in elite Research Institutes like United Nations Development Programme, Istanbul, Turkey, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India and International Water Management Institute, Colombo, Srilanka.
Skilled in Biological Sciences, Environmental Health, Natural Resources, Water Resource Management, and Renewable Energy, she has a PhD in Environmental Sciences from the University of Jammu, India. Apart from her PhD, she has a Post Graduate Diploma in International Studies from International Pacific University, New Zealand Campus, and has also been rewarded a certification in Climate Studies from Harvard University (EdX). She is a recipient of Academic Excellence Award from International Pacific University, New Zealand campus. At present she is pursuing MicroMasters in Sustainable Energy from The University of Queensland, Australia.
She is a Co- founder and Research Advisor for a New Zealand based Sustainability and Environmental Services Entity and is also a member of the Environmental Peacebuilding Association at SDG Academy, offering mentorship (a collaborative network of academic and research institutions under the auspices of UN Secretary-General). She has around 35 national and international publications to her credit.
Dr. Amita Fotedar -Dr

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References :


[0]Blessing, E. M., Steenkamp, M. M., Manzanares, J., & Marmar, C. R. (2015). Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for anxiety disorders. Neurotherapeutics, 12(4), 825-836.

[1]Leizer, C., Ribnicky, D., Poulev, A., Dushenkov, S., & Raskin, I. (2000). The composition of hemp seed oil and its potential as an important source of nutrition. Journal of Nutraceuticals, functional & medical foods, 2(4), 35-53.

[2]Leo, A., Russo, E., & Elia, M. (2016). Cannabidiol and epilepsy: rationale and therapeutic potential. Pharmacological research, 107, 85-92.

[3]Image credit: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hemp_oil_for_purchase.jpg

[4]Image credit: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:TheHemp_5%25_CBD_extract_in_MCT_coconut_oil_without_THC..jpg

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