Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects

Difference between Methodist and Presbyterian

Methodist and Presbyterian

The most popular religion in the world is Christianity. There are more Christians in the world than the followers of any other religion. However, these people do not all have exactly the same beliefs and practices. There are many divisions and sub divisions within Christianity, all of which have some practices that are unique to them such as the core belief of Christianity that Jesus Christ is the lord and the saviour of the masses and so on. The most common and well known wedge amongst the Christians of the world is due to the division between the Protestants and the Catholics. This, however, is not just the only dividing factor. There are other differences responsible for varying faiths within Christianity, two of which are the Methodists and the Presbyterians.

Let us first shed light on the Presbyterian Church, which was founded by John Knox, a formal Catholic priest, in 1560. This faith has its roots in Calvinism. The faith was founded by Knox in Scotland and he did so by using a lot of the church’s doctrines in order to help him construct the core beliefs of Presbyterians. In contrast to this, the Methodist Church became known and began to gain influence first in England in 1739, thanks to a religious vigilante, John Wesley, who broke his ties with the Church (Anglican Church) and came up with his own doctrine of religion. He called this ideology Wesleyism. Some of the beliefs of his new Methodist faith were based on Lutheranism.

The two types of churches have many differences. One important differentiating factor between the two is how they address social issues. The Presbyterian Church opposes the death penalty openly, be it for any crime. On the other hand, the Methodist Church allows the death penalty, but only for crimes that are very serious. Moreover, this punishment, according to the Methodist Church should only be administered by law. Another issue, homosexuality, is where the two churches have opposing views. Although both view it as a sin, the Methodists consider it to be a sin in all cases without any exception whereas the Presbyterians believe that it is a sensitive issue that is difficult to judge without proper examination.

The Governance of the Church is yet another issue where these two churches can be distinguished. The Methodist Church employs a worship guide that is known as ‘The Directory of Worship’. The Presbyterian Church, however, uses the ‘The Book of Discipline’ as its worship guide. Moving on, the two faiths have different methods of selecting and giving responsibility to church pastors. The Presbyterian faith ‘calls’ or hires pastors so as to serve the community. Methodists, however, send their already existing pastors to various church locations with the responsibility of presiding over the respective regions of the Methodist Churches.

Salvation is a very important thing in any religion. It is also present in Presbyterian and the Methodist Churches but is quite different to each other. The Methodist Church recognizes the good deeds of the people as a symbol of the strength of their faith. It focuses on ‘deeds not creeds’. To be righteous, people need to do good deeds. The Presbyterian Church, on the other hand, believes in justification only by grace and says that the ‘predestined elect’ is the only thing that will lead one to heaven.

Summary

1. Presbyterian Church-founded by John Knox, a formal Catholic priest, in 1560, had its roots in Calvinism, founded by Knox in Scotland, used a lot of the church’s doctrines to construct the core beliefs of Presbyterians; Methodist Church found in England in 1739, by John Wesley who broke his ties with the Church, ideology of Wesleyism, beliefs based on Lutheranism.

2. The Presbyterian Church opposes the death penalty openly, for any crime; Methodist Church allows the death penalty for serious crimes.

3. The Methodist Church employs the worship guide: ‘The Directory of Worship’; Presbyterian Church uses the ‘The Book of Discipline’ as its worship guide.

4. The Presbyterian faith ‘calls’ or hires pastors; Methodists send their existing pastors to various church locations

5. The Methodist Church recognizes the good deeds of the people as a symbol of the strength of their faith, focuses on ‘deeds not creeds’; The Presbyterian Church believes in justification only by grace and says that the ‘predestined elect’ is the only thing that will lead to heaven.


Search DifferenceBetween.net :

Custom Search


Help us improve. Rate this post! 1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (9 votes, average: 1.33 out of 5)
Loading...

Email This Post Email This Post : If you like this article or our site. Please spread the word. Share it with your friends/family.



7 Comments

  1. Up front, I want to say that I understand there will be distinctions that are glossed over in any writeup of the differences between two subjects, particularly so when it comes to divisive religious topics with centuries of discussion on each side. And I’ll also acknowledge that I’m biased, given that I was raised as a Presbyterian. Even so, this particular write up seems to make a particularly egregious mistake: it confuses beliefs held by subsets of an extremely fractured group for distinctives representative of the group as a whole, rather than talking about the things those fractured groups have in common.

    With Presbyterianism, the singular distinctive that sets it apart from other denominations is right there in its name. “Presbyterian” is derived from the Greek meaning “elder ruled”, and refers to the fact that presbyterian churches are governed by a group of elders, rather than by the clergy, the congregation, or a board of trustees, as you might find in other denominations. That’s its chief distinction from other denominations. Pretty much everything else that a person might use to describe Presbyterian beliefs can also be said of other denominations as well.

    For instance, you mentioned Calvinism, and while that is a core tenet of Presbyterianism, they hardly have a monopoly on that particular belief, given that there are numerous other groups, including Baptists, Congregationalists, and even some Methodists, who also practice Reformed theology (of which Calvinism is a core component).

    On the flip side, Presbyterians have historically held a generally conservative view towards the topics of homosexuality and the death penalty, though several modern, mainline denominations, such as the PC(USA), have softened their stances considerably, including permitting the ordination of LGBT members, which has led to additional fracturing within Presbyterianism.

    Essentially, the fact that Presbyterianism really only refers to a very small set of shared, core beliefs (only one of which you accurately addressed) means that there’s a large diversity of beliefs when it comes to the various controversial subjects, so it’s understandably difficult to pin down what separates a Presbyterian from a Methodist without specifying a particular Presbyterian denomination.

    Even so, I’m disappointed that you missed the defining aspect of Presbyterianism–that they are elder ruled–since pretty much everything else after that is up for grabs.

  2. You got it backwards: the United Methodist Church uses The Book of Discipline, while Presbyterians use a Directory of Worship

    • Hi there. So there is also a Book of Discipline in various Presbyterian denominations. However you did get it right that there is a Book of Worship or Common Worship employed by the largest Presbyterian mainline denomination the PCUSA.

    • Ok to the author of this article I also have a few points. Have been baptized in the Methodist Church and later Confirmed in the Presbyterian Church some things that you posted are not just so. Also you said the following…” Methodist Church found in England in 1739, by John Wesley who broke his ties with the Church, ideology of Wesleyism, beliefs based on Lutheranism.

      That above statement is not correct. John Wesley and his brothers had beliefs tied with the Anglicans, for they were Anglican Priests. So their beliefs were not based on Lutheranism, in fact some things that Lutherans do hold onto are not adhered by Methodists.

      John Knox while he was a Roman Catholic Priest at one time also had ties with the Church of England. The Reformed Church is just that to which Presbyterians are part of ” The Reforming of the Roman Catholic Church”

      Outside of the Office of Bishop which is similar to what Presbyterians have as Presbyters..and the fact of Predestination which is not adhered by all Presbyterians. In fact the Cumberland Presbyterian denomination does not teach that and is more Armenian in theology as is many PCUSA churches.

      So I would say there is more in common than opposed. So much so that many Methodist and Presbyterians, when they do not find their proper church in town will go to the other one. I would say they are about the closes to each other and next the United Church of Christ and then the Low Anglicans and finally the Lutherans.

  3. The United Methodist Church believes in salvation by grace through faith. We believe that salvation is a gift of God.

    • That is actually saying the same thing. The UMC believes that grace is indeed a gift from God, but like any gift, one must accept it. I think you’ll agree that you could hand someone a $1,000,000 check, but if they don’t cash it, it doesn’t do any good. Thus one accepts the free gift through faith that it is indeed available for their acceptance.

      Presbyterian theology includes the idea of “the predestined-elect,” who are believed to have been given salvation whether they accept it or not.

  4. Good article. I have to make one, minor correction though. The UMC utilizes 2 books. Where you mentioned the Directory of Worship, it is actually called The *Book of Worship (so you were essentially correct). There is also The Book of Discipline, which is a separate device.

    The Book of Discipline mainly guides the more political side of church – whether local or the greater body (how to set up committees, how the committees function, how Charge Conference works, policies, beliefs, etc.).

    The Book of Worship details theological worship elements, worship tradition, seasonal decor and its symbolic meaning, as well as guides to services such as weddings, baptisms, funerals, etc.

    I highly recommend checking out umcdiscipleship.org or umc.org for more information and answers to other questions 🙂

Leave a Response

Please note: comment moderation is enabled and may delay your comment. There is no need to resubmit your comment.

References :


[0]http://www.people.iup.edu/kpatrick/10%20Coolest%20Buildings%20Indiana/2,%20Grace%20United%20Methodist,%20interior%20west-1,%20Apr%202006.JPG

Articles on DifferenceBetween.net are general information, and are not intended to substitute for professional advice. The information is "AS IS", "WITH ALL FAULTS". User assumes all risk of use, damage, or injury. You agree that we have no liability for any damages.


See more about : ,
Protected by Copyscape Plagiarism Finder