Difference Between Protectorate and Colony
Protectorate vs. Colony
A protectorate is defined as a state, however it is under the protection of another country in exchange for something else. Â The state may have something to offer a larger country, in order for such an agreement to work. Â A colony is defined as a territory which is governed by another country. There is no sovereignty for a colony, it is under the direct rule of another country. While the two may seem similar, there are significant differences which make a protectorate and colony different.
In a protectorate, any types of foreign relations are directed toward the country that is protecting the territory. Â There is more of a sense of security for a small state knowing that they can rely on their protector as a defender. Â If a colony has any foreign relations they are created and run by the country they are a part of. Â There are times when a protectorate is created for reasons of peace and image. Â A country may feel if it demonstrates an alliance with smaller states it demonstrates as a leader and a stronger country. Â This is different from a nation which has various colonies. Â Other countries can view a nation with several colonies as a threat. Â A growing country can lead to a new superpower in the world, and that does not sit well with all. Â For a large country having a protectorate or a colony, it is beneficial in many ways.
An example of a protectorate is the island of Barbados. Â Today, Barbados is considered its own state, however it was once a protectorate of The United Kingdom. Â Barbados was protected by the United Kingdom’s militia in case any other nation chose to invade. Â In order to seal this agreement, Britain was able to take advantage of decreased sugar cane prices, as the island is a large producer of sugar. Â A good example of a colony can be seen in the history of New England. Â English settlers came to the Americas still under the king’s rule, however they were in a whole new territory. Â The same rules and laws applied to the colonists as the British citizens who remained in England.
From the perspective of a country, a territory, and a mere outsider, protectorates and colonies are seen very differently.
- Both a protectorate and a colony are territories of larger countries. Â A protectorate is its own state merely protected by a larger country. Â A colony is a part of a larger country governed by that same country.
- A state which is a protectorate has the aid of a larger nation when conducting foreign relations. Â For a colony, all foreign relations are created and dealt with by the mother country.
- Protectorates can be seen as an alliance. The more allies, the stronger the territory and country. Â Colonies can be seen as a threat to other nations, as it is the spreading of one country.
- Barbados was a protectorate, it was governed by Britain. Â New England was originally made up of colonies, ruled by Britain.
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