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Differences Between Lupus and HIV

Lupus vs HIV

What could be more troublesome than acquiring diseases? Truly enough, when one of your family members becomes ill, you cannot stop worrying. First of all, becoming ill takes a toll on one’s health, emotional, and even financial aspects. For any family, they are most worried about when one of their family members has lupus and HIV. These diseases are often connected with each other because when one has lupus, his or her HIV lab results are often affected. However, experts say that there is no relationship between lupus and HIV. Lupus and HIV are two different diseases. However, both diseases attack the human immune system. Let us discuss a few important details regarding lupus and HIV.

Lupus is an autoimmune disease. It means that the immune system can’t tell the difference between healthy body tissue and antigens. When someone has lupus, the healthy tissues are often affected which include the skin, joints, heat, blood, lungs, and even kidneys. You will have signs of inflammation and swelling. Since the nature of lupus is an autoimmune disease, your immune system cannot detect antigens; hence, it affects the above-mentioned body tissues and organs.

There are different types of lupus. The most commonly known type of lupus is SLE or systemic lupus erythematosus. Other types include: discoid, drug induced, and neonatal. Most often, females are affected by lupus than males. African-American women have a higher mortality rate according to the studies. So what causes lupus? No one can actually tell what is the cause of lupus. However, it is said that lupus is linked to the genetic and environmental stimuli. Since women are mostly affected by lupus, healthcare providers believe that the hormone estrogen is one key factor in developing lupus. When triggered under the following conditions, you are likely to have lupus: smoking, UV rays, extreme stress, taking medications, infections, and chemical compounds. Here are some signs that you have lupus: serositis, mucosal ulcers, arthritis, photosensitivity, anemia, seizures, rash on the cheeks, and red, scaly patches on the skin. Sadly, there is no treatment for lupus.

HIV is human immunodeficiency virus. It is actually a virus that causes AIDS and not a disease. Since HIV and AIDS are often associated together, several also consider AIDS as HIV. For people, HIV is a less hurtful term than identifying someone with AIDS.  A person with HIV has a lowered immune system. This makes the person even more vulnerable to other infections and diseases. This might be the reason why when a person has HIV/AIDS or lupus, he will also have the other disease. As HIV/AIDS progresses, this worsens the health of an individual.

HIV/AIDS can be transmitted through blood-to-blood means and sexual contact. Here are the early common signs of a person with an HIV infection: fever, chills, joint pain, muscle ache, sore throat, sweating at night, enlarged glands, red rash, weakness, and weight loss. You will notice that most of the signs of a person with HIV/AIDS are also present in a person with lupus. To determine which is which, if you have lupus, there should be a butterfly rash on your face which is not present in HIV/AIDS. Like lupus, HIV/AIDS is not curable.


  1. Lupus and HIV both attack the human immune system.
  2. Lupus and HIV are not curable. Depending on the management of the signs and symptoms, the ill person can still have a longer life.
  3. Lupus and HIV often have the same signs and symptoms. To know whether you have lupus or not, there should be the presence of a butterfly rash (malar rash) on your face.
  4. The cause of lupus is not known while the cause of HIV/AIDS is the HIV virus.

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  1. Not everyone with Lupus has the butterfly rash.

    • Yeah.. i have lupus and i dont have a butterfly rash.

    • That’s true! I have lupus and no rash on my face.

    • Mine started with the face rash and flu like symptoms. Also weight loss. Have never had the face rash again. The Dr that diagnosed me looked at the rash and said right off the bat ” I know what you have. You have lupus. Very scary to hear. And I’m a guy so that was strange having a disease that mostly strikes women.

  2. I have lupus and I don’t have the butterfly rash either

  3. I have Lupus and I do not have a butterfly rash.

  4. My favorite sister had lupus but her heart stopped beating in her sleep December 30,2013. I really miss my sister.We were seperated for 35 yrs. And we found each other in 2009. I only had 3 short years with her. I love my sister and i miss our phone calls everyday. Im always looking for my phone to ring and it be her on the other side.

    • Bless your heart. I have had SLE since 1987. Sometimes I wish I would be as lucky to have God just turn off the switch. I’ve really been thru a lot with mine. More my kidneys are affected. I know you miss your sister. I’m sorry. But maybe she missed terrible times she may have had. Plus now she watches over you!! Thanks for listening. ☺

  5. Oddly enough my rash is on my back and not my face. Was diagnosed last week. Been sick for months, have lost 2 jobs because of this. I’m miserable and everyday is unpredictable. Asking for thoughts, feedback, suggestions, please.
    God Bless

  6. They just found out o have lupus , SLE , scared and don’t no what to expect . Been in a lot of pain with my joints , back , hips , knees . Ect. Been on meds a month and now I find out it takes 6 months before they start to work . Any body no what this lupus dose to you .

  7. I don’t have the rash on my face either, but the palms of my feet and hands break out and my tounge gets blotchy with red and white looking places and feels really raw.
    Some days are better then others it effects my stomach and my joints swell

  8. My doctors don’t know exactly what’s wrong with me. They tell me I have connective tissue disease, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and osteoarthritis. I do have some joint pain but I don’t have the swelling with my pain. Some days are better than others but I don’t have severe pain. No butterfly on my face. I do have autoimmune disease but they really can’t tell if it’s from all arthritis or multiple arthritis and lupus.

  9. Can one experience chills when having lupus

  10. Losing weight everyday

  11. When describing the difference between Lupus(I just what I have) and HIV, people not familiar with Lupus, this is the easiest way of describing it:
    With lupus, I have a working immune system but it almost as if it’s dyslexic…Whereas with HIV you have little to no immune system…My immune system works—it just attacks the wrong things…

  12. When describing the difference between Lupus (which is what I have) and HIV, people not familiar with Lupus, this is the easiest way of describing it:
    With lupus, I have a working immune system but it almost as if it’s dyslexic…Whereas with HIV you have little to no immune system…My immune system works—it just attacks the wrong things…

  13. This comment section brought me relief, I’m a guy, I just tested positive for ANA test which is the first test for lupus, my family are thinking I have HIV and they treat me like shit or that I’m just overreacting, I have red rashes at my chest, all back, abdomen and inner elbows, sometimes these rashes feel like cutting my through my bones, muscles and joints.
    I’m having all those brain issues, confusion, depression, agitation. everyday is something big happening, everyday new pain, weight loss along with damn speech issues, nausea and vomiting and my vision went down in half that I can’t drive at day due to light sensitivity and night due to degrading vision.
    I can’t work or pay my bills and I’m living in hell and not eating enough or drinking water, well that’s a plus because I can’t work lol.
    You guys showed me that it’s okay not to be okay, I pray everyday for God to turn off the switch like how that sweet lady described it above.
    I wish you all rest and peace with a happy life with no pain, if not that life then maybe next one 🙂

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