Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects

Difference Between Head of State and Head of Government

Head of State vs Head of Government

Head of state and Head of Government, in a Parliamentary form of government, are two different people performing two very different duties. The Head of State has more ceremonial duties, while the Head of Government is responsible for running the government of a country with the approval of his or her cabinet.

Head of State

In a monarchy, federation, republic, commonwealth or any other form of state, the Head of State serves as an individual who is the chief public representative. The Head of the State is considered the first citizen, or the leader of the nation. His or her role is ceremonial; for example, In the U.K and Japan, the head of the state is a Monarch. In Germany, the President is elected as the Head of the state.

The main role or duty of the Head of the State, involves attending political functions, exercising political powers, and legitimizing the state. These functions include greeting foreign dignitaries, and calling sessions of parliament. The Head of State also has the power to call for early elections. In some countries the Head of State can call for a President’s rule in emergency situations. He or she is responsible for signing off on all laws passed, in parliamentary form of government. The Head of the State is the Chief of the Armed Forces.

In Presidential form of government like in the USA and in South Korea, the President is the Head of the State and serves the country as the chief executive. He is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The Head of State supervises various facets of bureaucracy,  but does not have the responsibility of the chief legislator.

Head of the Government

In a parliamentary form of government, the Prime Minister or Premier is the Head of the Government. He is the leader of the ruling party and is the chief of the executive branch. He presides over a cabinet. In the Presidential form of government and absolute monarchies, the Head of the Government and the Head of the State are the same individual.

The duties and responsibilities of the Head of the State include implementing laws, supervising bureaucracy, and making all-important decisions with the approval of the cabinet. He/she is also the head of the legislature. In the presidential form of government, the President is not a member of the legislature, thus he is not the head.

Summary

  1. In a monarchy, federation, republic, commonwealth or any other form of state, the Head of the State is an individual who is the chief public representative. In a Parliamentary form of government, the Prime Minister or Premier is the Head of the Government. He is the leader of the ruling party and is chief of the executive branch.
  2. The main roles or duties of the Head of the State include exercising political functions and political powers, and legitimizing the state. Head’s of State are largely ceremonial; the duties and responsibilities of the head of the State include, implementing laws, supervising bureaucracy, and making all-important decisions with the approval of the cabinet.
  3. In the Presidential form of government, the President, who is the head of the State, as well as the Head of the Government is not the chief legislator. In parliamentary forms of government the PM ,who is the head of the government, is a member of the legislature, thus being the chief of the legislative branch .

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2 Comments

  1. communist party. posthumous

  2. The head of state is person who perform ceremmonial function like commonwealth.

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