Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects

Difference Between Acculturation and Enculturation

The transmission of customs and beliefs of a particular group in the society occurs either through birth or contact with certain society with different customs and beliefs. This can either occur through acculturation or enculturation. Although they may be easily confused, they are different in several ways.

 

What is Acculturation?

This is the process of modifying cultural beliefs and customs of a group of people or an individual by borrowing traits from a different culture. It happens where;

  • An infant gets exposed to more than one culture
  • Prolonged contact with people of different cultural backgrounds

For instance, people who travel to another country for studies acquire some cultural practices.

 

What is Enculturation?

This is the process through which individual acquire values and norms of a culture through unconscious repetition, and is mostly see from birth. This happens through regular interaction with other people and is not forced nor deliberate. For instance, this can be seen in dressing habits whereby certain dressing habits are seen as a norm in some cultures and are not allowed in others.

 

Similarities between Acculturation and Enculturation

  • Both are used in reference to cultural practices in the societies

 

Differences between Acculturation and Enculturation

Definition

Acculturation is the process of modifying cultural beliefs and customs of a group of people or an individual by borrowing traits from a different culture. On the other hand, enculturation is the process through which individual acquire values and norms of a culture through unconscious repetition, and mostly occurs from birth.

Cultures Involved

Acculturation involves two or more cultures. On the other hand, enculturation involves one culture.

Essence

While acculturation is not an essential survival requirement, enculturation is an essential survival requirement.

Results

While acculturation results in the modification of cultural practices, enculturation does not lead to modification of cultural practices.

Dominant culture

While the dominant culture influences other cultures in acculturation, any other cultural difference does not make a difference in enculturation.

Acculturation vs. Enculturation: Comparison Table

 

Summary of Acculturation vs. Enculturation

While acculturation is the process of modifying cultural beliefs and customs of a group of people or an individual by borrowing traits from a different culture and occurs in instances where an infant gets exposed to more than one culture or a result of prolonged contact with people of different cultural backgrounds, enculturation is the process through which individual acquire values and norms of a culture through unconscious repetition, and is mostly see from birth.

 

Tabitha Njogu

Tabitha graduated from Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology with a Bachelor’s Degree in Commerce, whereby she specialized in Finance. She has had the pleasure of working with various organizations and garnered expertise in business management, business administration, accounting, finance operations, and digital marketing.

Search DifferenceBetween.net :

Custom Search


Help us improve. Rate this post! 1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars
Loading...

Email This Post Email This Post : If you like this article or our site. Please spread the word. Share it with your friends/family.


Leave a Response

Please note: comment moderation is enabled and may delay your comment. There is no need to resubmit your comment.

References :


[0]Image credit: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/Acculturation_curve_and_culture_shock.svg/500px-Acculturation_curve_and_culture_shock.svg.png

[1]Image credit: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Enderun1.jpg

[2]Heuer J & Ibrahim F. Cultural and Social Justice Counseling: Client-Specific Interventions. Springer Publishers, 2015. https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=R_JrCgAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=difference+between+acculturation+and+enculturation&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiorp2JxIviAhURxoUKHUlQDrIQ6AEILTAB#v=onepage&q=difference%20between%20acculturation%20and%20enculturation&f=false

[3]Bacallao M & Smokowski P. Becoming Bicultural: Risk, Resilience, and Latino Youth. NYU Press, 2011. https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=GgE9YLtsniUC&printsec=frontcover&dq=difference+between+acculturation+and+enculturation&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiorp2JxIviAhURxoUKHUlQDrIQ6AEISzAG#v=onepage&q=difference%20between%20acculturation%20and%20enculturation&f=false

[4]Mayers M & Grunlan S. Cultural Anthropology: A Christian Perspective. Harper Collins Publishers, 1988. https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=qvsrgl91TFsC&printsec=frontcover&dq=difference+between+acculturation+and+enculturation&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiorp2JxIviAhURxoUKHUlQDrIQ6AEIXTAJ#v=onepage&q=difference%20between%20acculturation%20and%20enculturation&f=false

Articles on DifferenceBetween.net are general information, and are not intended to substitute for professional advice. The information is "AS IS", "WITH ALL FAULTS". User assumes all risk of use, damage, or injury. You agree that we have no liability for any damages.


See more about : ,
Protected by Copyscape Plagiarism Finder