Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects

Difference between Under and Below

There is very little difference between under and below.  They are both prepositions meaning something is lower or less than something else.  Generally under is used more widely than below and if there is some concern as to which word to use the safe choice is under.

The word under can be used when someone or something is under control, under new management or under the command of.  These scenarios give one person authority over someone and the other person is under that authority.  One item is lower or beneath the control of another. Under is used to mean less than in numerical terms.  For example, there were under five students in the class.

Difference between Under and Below

There are numerous expressions using the word under before another word:

  • Under stress – feeling pressured by an emotional situation.
  • Under someone’s influence – being controlled by someone else.
  • Under construction – building works that are not completed.
  • Under a spell – being bewitched or controlled by magic.
  • Under pressure – feeling pushed into making a decision.

Below is very close in meaning to under and as they are both prepositions they are both used in the same way to describe the position of something or someone.  Below is used more often to describe objects on different levels for instance pictures on a wall.  One picture may be below the other.  Temperatures and water levels are registered below a certain height.

Below is used with words like sea level, surface and poverty line all measures of numerical levels.

  • Below the surface – just under the top level
  • Below the poverty line – just under the line of being poor and needy.
  • Below sea level – land that is below the level of the sea.

The opposite of below is above showing again how this word is linked to distance between things while the opposite of under is over showing the word to be part of a covering.  When you go to sleep you lie under the covers.

Both words have some interesting idioms.

Below the Salt: If you are ‘below the salt’ you are being placed in a position below your value.  In Medieval times the salt, a valued commodity, was placed in the middle of the table.  The head of the table was the highest ranking person so if you were placed lower down at the table below the salt you were less important.

Below par: This is a golfing term used to describe a player who is playing below the required number of strokes at a particular hole on the golf course.  It also describes how a person feels if they are not really well.

Below the belt:  A term that stems from boxing.  Hitting below the belt is not allowed.  An unkind comment is said to be below the belt – unfair.

Under one’s breath:  speaking softly so the comment is not really heard.

Under the weather: not feeling very well.

The golfer who plays below par could be feeling under the weather.  Below and under seem very similar, could they be interchangeable?  Yes, it is possible to play under par but not below the weather!

Christina Wither

Christina, a retired primary school teacher, turned to writing several years ago and loves being in the ‘word game’.Her teaching journey led her through several southern African countries and teaching English as a second language fostered a love of words and word meanings.Christina writes children’s books and parenting blogs.She is proud to be associated with FundZamobi an outreach programme to promote reading amongst children and young adults in South Africa.Christina lives in a farming area in the Natal Midlands.She enjoys country walks with her dog and writing from the comfort of her home that over looks the Drakensberg mountains.
Christina Wither

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2 Comments

  1. I still don’t have clear this difference.
    Is you say when we are not sure which word to use, use under, but when talking about position por things you say below.
    I’m trying to use this words in a preposition of place, for me is under when both surfaces touch themselves, under the cover and below when there’s a minimal distance between surfaces, but what about under the table, there is a distance because the table between. I’m getting crazy heeeeelp pleeeeeaaaaaee

  2. How is the golfer not feeling well when playing below par? I thought using less strokes is considered to be better in golf.

    Best regards
    Daniel

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References :


[0]Difference between Under and Below. wwwenglishgrammer.org. 6th June2011 English grammar.org.27/10/2017

[1]Under vs Below.www.pearsonlongman.com.Pearson Education.inc 27/10/2017

[2]"Image Credit: https://ell.stackexchange.com/questions/31595/difference-between-beneath-and-under"

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