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Difference Between Ionic Covalent and Metallic Bonds

Ionic Covalent vs Metallic Bonds

Chemistry is a fun subject in which people can explore the possibilities of chemical properties, structure, and so on and so forth. People who take this kind of path or degree have an unending passion for learning about chemicals and components.

Chemical bonds are some of the most basic topics one must study in chemistry. As early as junior high, students take part in studying the bonds of these compounds because it aids them in understanding the structure of a certain compound.

Chemical bonds are defined as the likeness of atoms that will allow them to form substances that have two or more atoms. One of the two types of chemical bonds are covalent bond and ionic bond.

A covalent bond is also known as shared bonding. Here, a pair of electrons or one electron is paired with two atomic nuclei. In this type of bonding, there is an attraction between negatively charged electrons and positively charged atoms. Thus, there is no repulsion here, and the attraction makes the structure fixed and in equilibrium or balanced. In short, covalent bonding makes it easy for atoms to share electrons between positively and negatively charged atoms.

Ionic bonding, on the other hand, does not involve sharing but transferring. In this bonding, there is a vacancy for another atom so there is a space for one or more electrons. Then this freshly added electron will then be placed on the least energy than the older atom in the atomical orbit. This type of bonding causes one atom to have a positive charge and another a negative charge.

Covalent or ionic bonds are just one of the types of chemical bonds. The last type is metallic bond. Understanding this concept does not only help students understand chemical properties but aids them in developing an overview of the concept.


1.Ionic and covalent bonds are under chemical bonds.
2.A covalent bond is shared bonding while an ionic bond is transferred bonding of atoms.
3.A covalent bond involves positive and negative charges of union while ionic bonding’s charge depends on the last atom that was being added plus the count on the anatomical orbit.

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  1. This discussion was great in helping me understand covalent and ionic bonds but there is no definition or description of an metallic bond and how it differs from covalent or ionic.

  2. what about metallic bonding and how it differs from covalent bonding in terms of nature of bonding, valency of atoms involved and ductility of materials?

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