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Difference Between Mycelia and Hyphae

Mycelia vs Hyphae

The mycelia and the hyphae are both important parts of fungi or more commonly known as the mushroom. The two terms refer to the building blocks of fungi.

The hyphae (plural form, singular form is hypha) is the name of the long, individual pieces that comprise a mycelium, overall a fungi. Hyphae are often described as strings and threadlike filaments. The hypha is the basic body plan of a fungus. It is comprised of one or more cells surrounded by a tubular cell wall.
Hyphae can be classified into categories by their cell division, by the cell wall and overall form, and by their refractive appearance. Hyphae by cell division can be further classified as septate (with septa), aseptate (without septa) and pseudohyphae. The first two classifications are considered to be “true” hyphae.

In addition, hyphae classified by their cell walls are separated into three categories; generative, skeletal (which is divided into two, the classical form and fusiform skeletal) and binding. Unformed hyphae are called yeast, which are very useful and applicable in many industries and fields.
On the other hand, mycelium (plural form mycelia) is the vegetative part of the fungus. In relation to the hyphae, it is the network collection or bundle of hyphae in one single place. Unlike the hyphae, the mycelia can be visible to the naked eye in the form of mold on various surfaces including damp walls and spoiled food.

The mycelium is also part of the fungi’s anatomy that performs via asexual reproduction. This is possible due to fragmentation where the process maintains the clonal population that is adapted to a particular niche. By virtue of asexual reproduction, this process permits more spreading compared to the other form of reproduction, the sexual reproduction.
The mycelia are also involved and used for other human purposes. The mycelium, in the process called mycofiltration, acts as an organic filter for soil and water. Applications of this process are usually to prevent soil erosion caused by water runoff and into abandoned logging roads.

Mycomediation is another process, which is used to filter contaminants from polluted environments or to prevent further damage of contaminants to water or soil. Mycomediation is extremely useful in cases of oil spills and other accidental spills.
In the medial field, mycelium is used for patients with heart problems.

Both the mycelium and the hyphae are responsible for a important part of a fungi’s body processes – absorption of nutrients and food from the environment. The hyphae in every mycelium or mycelia produce the enzyme for this purpose. The enzymes break the food or nutrients and other digestible forms. The breaking down of food can also led to other purposes like decomposition of organic materials and in consequences, helps to renew the soil.

Summary:

1.The hyphae and the mycelium are parts of a fungi’s anatomy. The hypha is the building block or basic body plan of a fungus. On the other hand, mycelium refers to the collection of hyphae in a fungus’ body.
2.Hyphae are often described as strands, theads or as filaments because they are long and resemble these descriptions as individual pieces. The mycelium, as a collection of hyphae, look like a patch of threads or strands.
3.The terms hyphae is in plural from while the word mycelium is considered as singular. The singular form of hyphae is hypha while mycelium has a plural form, which is mycelia.
4.Since the hypha is also a building block of the mycelium, its characteristics and function are basically the same. The hyphae function in a micro level or smaller scope compared to the mycelium’s macro or larger cope.
5.The hyphae and mycelium are very important in the fungus’s nutrition. The hyphae release the enzyme for the fungus (or mycelium) to decompose the surrounding food into a digestible state. This deconstruction is also useful in decomposition of organic material and renewal of soil in the vicinity of the fungus/hyphae.
6.Mycelium has a multitude of uses as part of the fungus and in human applications. Mycelium as part of the fungi helps in performing asexual reproduction – by the method of fractioning. In addition, mycelium is popularly used in abandoned logging roads and in mycofiltration and mycomediation.


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