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Difference Between Xenon and Halogen

noble_gas_bookXenon vs Halogen

Xenon is an inert gaseous element represented as Xe. Xenon is a heavy, odorless, colorless noble gas that is present in traces in the atmosphere of the Earth. Xenon comprises of nine stable isotopes and another 40 unbalanced isotopes that endure radioactive decomposition. On the other hand the halogens are a set of non-metal elements in the Periodic Table from Group 17 IUPAC Style (formerly: VII, VIIA) of the periodic table. These include,

  • Fluorine (F)
  • Chlorine (Cl)
  • Bromine (Br)
  • Iodine (I)
  • Astatine (At)

Other than these 5 elements, scientists are of the view that the undiscovered element 117, conditionally denoted to as ununseptium (the systematic name) can also be a potential halogen.

Xenon is essentially a gas that is un-reactive. But it can undergo a few chemical reactions forming hexafluoroplatinate which is the original noble gas complex to be created. On the other hand the entire group of halogen elements present in the periodic table exist in all three familiar states of matter include solid, liquid and gaseous under standard pressure and temperature conditions.

Talking of Xenon Compounds, previously it was believed that the noble gas of xenon was unable to form compounds. But then in 1962 scientist Neil Bartlett discovered that it could form compounds and hence a number of discoveries followed. Some of the common xenon compounds are,

  • Halides
  • Fluorides
  • Oxides
  • Oxohalides
  • Clathrates and excimers

On the other hand, all the elements in the halogen series form binary compounds reacting with hydrogen. The common compounds include,

  • Hydrogen halides
  • Interhalogen compounds
  • Organohalogen compounds
  • Polyhalogenated compounds

Xenon is extensively used as a common anesthetic and also in arc and lash lamps. This particular gas is also used to trace hypothetical feebly intermingling massive particles and also as an ion thrusters propellant in spacecraft. Haloalkanes find extensive use as flame retardants, refrigerants, propellants, fire extinguishers, and solvents.

Summary:
1. Xenon is a particular chemical constituent that is an inert gaseous element which is heavy, odorless, and colorless and is present in traces in the atmosphere of the Earth. On the other the halogens are a set of non-metal elements in the Periodic Table from Group 17 IUPAC Style (formerly: VII, VIIA) of the periodic table.

2. Xenon is essentially a gas that is un-reactive. On the other hand the entire group of halogen elements present in the periodic table exist in all three familiar states of matter include solid, liquid and gaseous under standard pressure and temperature conditions.


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