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Difference Between CHF Left and CHF Right

CHF Left vs.CHF Righ

CHF is life threatening be it left or right. When it is CHF left – fluid backs up in the lungs resulting in shortness of breath. If CHF right – fluids back up into the abdomen, feet and legs causing swelling. CHF left is of 2 types; Systolic heart failure – A pumping issue when the left ventricle cannot contract properly and, Diastolic heart failure – A filling problem when the left ventricle cannot fill fully or relax.

 

What is Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Left?

The left side of the heart carries blood which is oxygen-rich from the lungs through the left atrium of the heart to the left ventricle, then finally into your body. The heart has to work harder to carry blood through the body in case it is damaged or cannot pump properly. As a result, fluid builds up in your body, especially the lungs and it becomes difficult to breath. That is the reason why shortness of breath is the most common symptoms of heart failure.

There are 2 types of left-sided heart failure:

  • Systolic Failure – also termed as heart failure with minimized ejection fraction (HFrEF). This failure happens when the ability of the heart’s left ventricle to contract reduces. The heart is unable to pump with enough force for maintaining adequate circulation for a given demand.
  • Diastolic Failure- also termed as diastolic dysfunction. This is a heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, or HFpEF. It happens when the left ventricle is so stiff that the heart is unable to fill with adequate blood supply during the relaxing period between each beat.

 

What is Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Right?

Right-sided Congestive Heart Failure occurs when the right ventricle of the heart has difficulty pumping blood into your lungs. As a result, blood backs up in your blood vessels, that triggers fluid retention in the lower abdomen, extremities, and other vital organs. Right sided congestive heart failure can occur on its own, for example when triggered due to lung disease (COPD) or heart valve disease. In severe cases, hepatomegaly can happen resulting in altering liver function, coagulopathy and jaundice.  

 

Difference between Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Left & Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Right

  1. Definition

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Left

CHF left is described as a chronic condition that occurs when the left ventricle does not adequately pump blood out to your body. As this chronic condition progresses, fluid builds up in your lungs, that makes breathing difficult.

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Right

The right chamber or the right ventricle, carries “used” blood from the heart back to your lungs for resupplying oxygen. So, when there is failure of heart from right side, the right ventricle has lost its tendency to pump, which means your heart is not supplied with enough blood and the blood backs up into the veins. If such a situation arises, your ankles, your legs, and belly often swell.

  1. Symptoms

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Left

  • Dyspnea
  • Cardiac asthma
  • Hemoptysis
  • Nocturia
  • Fatigue
  • Decreased mental and physical performance
  • Exercise intolerance
  • Pulmonary Edema
  • Cheyne-stokes respiration
  • Awakening at night with shortness of breath

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Right

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Upper abdominal pain
  • Distended neck veins
  • Peripheral edema
  • Edema of hand dorsum
  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Sudden weight gain
  • Increased urge to urinate
  1. Signs

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Left

  • Fourth heart sound (presystolic gallop)
  • Third heart sound (protodiastolic gallop)
  • Pulmonary congestion (wheezing and abnormal sputum cytology)
  • Cold extremities

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Right

  • Fourth heart sound
  • Proteinuria
  • Venous congestion (increased pressure in central venous, congestion in hepatomegaly, positive hepatojugular reflux)
  • Cardiac cirrhosis
  1. Complications

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Left

Kidney damage can occur as one of the complications. Without treatment, another complication is enlarged heart. If the heart becomes enlarged and dilated, it is more prone to harmful, abnormal heart rhythms. 

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Right

Congestive hepatopathy could occur to what is known as cardiac cirrhosis, which in turn, can ultimately lead to liver failure.

  1. Causes

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Left

  • Hypertension
  • Aortic stenosis
  • Left ventricular infarction
  • Pericardial diseases
  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy
  • Pressure overload – outflow obstruction
  • Mitral or aortic valvular insufficiency
  • Ischemic heart disease (Atherosclerosis)

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Right

  • COPD
  • Right ventricular infarction
  • Tricuspid regurgitation
  • Myocardial heart disease effecting right heart
  1. Congestion

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Left

Congestion in lungs

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Right

Congestion in jugular veins, lower extremities and veins

 

Summary of CHF Left verses CHF Right

Comparison Chart for CHF left-sided and CHF right-sided

The points of difference between Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Left and Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Right have been summarized below:

 

Dr. Amita Fotedar -Dr

Research Consultant: PhD in Environmental Sciences at History of working in Elite Research Institutes like United Nations Development Program
Dr Amita Fotedar is an experienced Research Consultant with a demonstrated history of working in elite Research Institutes like United Nations Development Programme, Istanbul, Turkey, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India and International Water Management Institute, Colombo, Srilanka.
Skilled in Biological Sciences, Environmental Health, Natural Resources, Water Resource Management, and Renewable Energy, she has a PhD in Environmental Sciences from the University of Jammu, India. Apart from her PhD, she has a Post Graduate Diploma in International Studies from International Pacific University, New Zealand Campus, and has also been rewarded a certification in Climate Studies from Harvard University (EdX). She is a recipient of Academic Excellence Award from International Pacific University, New Zealand campus. At present she is pursuing MicroMasters in Sustainable Energy from The University of Queensland, Australia.
She is a Co- founder and Research Advisor for a New Zealand based Sustainability and Environmental Services Entity and is also a member of the Environmental Peacebuilding Association at SDG Academy, offering mentorship (a collaborative network of academic and research institutions under the auspices of UN Secretary-General). She has around 35 national and international publications to her credit.
Dr. Amita Fotedar -Dr

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References :


[0]Azad, N., & Lemay, G. (2014). Management of chronic heart failure in the older population. Journal of geriatric cardiology: JGC, 11(4), 329.

[1]Figueroa, M. S., & Peters, J. I. (2006). Congestive heart failure: diagnosis, pathophysiology, therapy, and implications for respiratory care. Respiratory care, 51(4), 403-412.

[2]Konstam, M. A., Kiernan, M. S., Bernstein, D., Bozkurt, B., Jacob, M., Kapur, N. K., ... & Raval, A. N. (2018). Evaluation and management of right-sided heart failure: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 137(20), e578-e622.

[3]Pazos-López, P., Peteiro-Vázquez, J., Carcía-Campos, A., García-Bueno, L., de Torres, J. P. A., & Castro-Beiras, A. (2011). The causes, consequences, and treatment of left or right heart failure. Vascular health and risk management, 7, 237.

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